"Dabu" a mud resist process by using wood block.
The Process of Dabu Printing
starts with the preparation of mud resist the clay is prepared by finely sieving it. Calcium hydroxide (Chuna
in Hindi), naturally pounded wheat chaff (Beedan
in hindi), and gum (gound
in hindi) are the main interdients to make the mud resist. The dug out mud from the dry pond is soaked in water in a separate tank overnight. The mud resist is freshly prepared before every printing. A mixture of beedan
are along with mud are doughed to make a sticky paste.
Application of mud resist onto fabric
TThe mixture is now ready for dabu printing. The mud resist being applied onto the fabrics using wood blocks. Either the dabu printing is done ona single table while sitting or on a running table. This depends upon the space availability and comfort an individual printer. To quickly dry the paste, saw dust is being applied to places where the mud resist is printed. The saw dust also acts as a binder which prevents color penetration while dyeing. The application of mud resist onto the fabric is followed by dyeing the fabric in a cauldron of dye. The process may be repeated for double dabu and triple dabu and hence forth. After every dyeing the fabric is thoroughly washed so as to remove the mud application. Finally the non dyed part where the resist has been applied is revealed after the washing. some of the color penetrates onto the fabric caused by mud cracking. The result is veining which gives it batik like look to the fabric.
The rates in Dabu is determined by the number of times a particular fabric is printed by dabu, it can be one to three and much more. Normally the rates varies between USD 0.75 to 2.00 per meter for a standard width of fabric of 44 inches.
Step 1 : Preparation of Dabu mud clay
Step 2 : Dabu block printing process
Step 3 : Dying & washing process after dabu clay printing
Step 4 : Washed fabric lying in the sun light to get dry